POLYOMINO TILINGS

Polyomino Tilings

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You may also see list of all polyomino sets for which data is available here.


Dominoes and X pentomino

Prime rectangles: 12.

Smallest rectangle tilings

Smallest rectangle (5x6):

Smallest square (6x6):

Rectangle tilings' solutions count (including symmetric)

Blue number - strongly prime rectangle (which cannot be divided into two or more number of rectangles tileable by this set).

Green number - weakly prime rectangle (which cannot be divided into two rectangles tileable by this set, but which can be divided into three or more rectangles).

Purple number - prime rectangle (unknown if weakly or strongly prime).

Red number - composite rectangle (which can be divided into two rectangles tileable by this set).

Gray number - it is unknown whether rectangle is prime or composite.

Question mark (?) - solution count is unknown.

Click on underlined numbers to view picture with one solution.

w \ h
1-4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
1-4
0
5
0
0
6
0
7
30
7
0
0
365
0
8
0
227
1832
41492
373308
9
0
0
13952
0
5311985
0
10
0
4820
75150
3036954
≥1
≥1
≥1
11
0
0
477841
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
12
0
86162
≥2555
≥133225
≥1
≥194658304
≥1
≥1
≥1
13
0
0
≥10950
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
14
0
1408769
≥97664
≥15144580
≥1
≥7.41128147×10¹¹
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
15
0
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
16
0
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
17
0
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
18
0
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
19
0
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
≥1
0
20
0
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
≥1
N>0
x
2k
all
2k
all
2k
all
2k
all
2k
all
?
?
?
?
?
?

Smallest prime reptiles

Smallest prime reptiles (2Ix5, 5Xx3):

Reptile tilings' solutions count (including symmetric)

polyomino \ n²
I domino
0
0
0
0
4820
X pentomino
0
0
6144
2944512
≥1

Smallest common multiples

Smallest common multiple (area 20):

Common multiples' solutions count (excluding symmetric)

area
10
20
solutions
0
≥1

Formulas

$N(w; h)$ - number of ways to tile $w\times h$ rectangle (including symmetric solutions)

$T(w; h) = \begin{cases} 1, & N(w; h) \geq 1 \\ 0, & \text{else} \end{cases}$ - tileability function, $1$ if tiles rectangle, $0$ otherwise

$A(w; h) = \left(N(w; h)\right)^{\frac{1}{wh}}$ - average number of ways to tile cell in $w\times h$ rectangle (including symmetric solutions)

$G(T; x; y) = \sum_{w=1}^{\infty}\sum _{h=1}^{\infty}T(w; h)x^wy^h$ - bivariate generating function of $T(w; h)$

$G(A; x; y) = \sum_{w=1}^{\infty}\sum _{h=1}^{\infty}A(w; h)x^wy^h$ - bivariate generating function of $A(w; h)$

$N(2n + 1; 2m + 1) = T(2n + 1; 2m + 1) = 0 \tag{1}$

Assume domino and X pentomino tile $(2n + 1)\times(2m + 1)$ rectangle. Place numbers in rectangle's cells according to function $F(x,y)\equiv(-1)^{x+y}\pmod{3}$, where $x$ and $y$ are cells' coordinates (zero-based). On the one hand, domino and X pentomino, no matter how placed, cover sum congruent to $0\pmod{3}$. Then sum covered by all polyominoes is also congruent to $0\pmod{3}$. On the other hand, rectangle covers sum congruent to $\sum_{x=0}^{(2n+1)-1}\sum_{y=0}^{(2m+1)-1}(-1)^{x+y}\equiv1\pmod{3}$. Contradiction, as domino and X pentomino tile this rectangle and thus sum covered by all polyominoes should be equal to sum covered by rectangle. Thus only assumption we made is false - domino and X pentomino don't tile $(2n + 1)\times(2m + 1)$ rectangle. Q.E.D.

See Also

Dominoes and W pentominoDominoes and Y pentomino